Monserrate Park
 
The Monserrate Park formerly a cultivation farm exists since the XVIII century, when Gerard DeVisme rented the farm to the Melo and Castro Family, its owner. Since then everyone who followed, from William Beckford, The Cook Family, the Portuguese Estate and finally on September 2000, “Parques de Sintra, Monte da Lua, S.A, society”, have made and effort in creating a marvellous botanical garden, one of its kind.

Crucial for its development was Francis Cook, who turned out to become the first Monserrate Vinscout. Together with William Stockdale, the landscape-painter, the botanic William Nevill and the master gardener James Burt, various different scenery’s were created along sinuous paths between ruins, nooks, cascades and lakes, suggesting through an apparently disorder , the domain of the nature above man. Therefore and always counting with the presence of spontaneous species from Portugal (arbutus, tree holly, cork-oak, and others). The gardens are filled with collections of different species of plants from the 5 continents: metrosideros, kermadecensis from Australia, agaves, palm tries and yuccas from Mexico; rhododendrons, azaleas and bamboos from Japan. On the total there are more then 2500 species!

Pena Park

As a result of the inspiration of King Fernando II, the Pena Park is the product of the intellectual and artistic tendencies of the XIX Century, the romanticism epoch. With the collaboration of the architect Baron of Eschwege and engineer Baron Kessler, Fernando II elaborated the project of the entire park, which involved the Pena Palace.

Refusing the formal rigidity of the classical gardens and considering the hilly terrain, the fertility of the soil, the climatically singularity of the hill, and the character of the horizons, Fernando II planed the park in a way for it to simulate an almost perfect naturalness. To materialize that idea, he integrated in his projects the knowledge’s that were left by the Jerónimo monks, has he also did in the Palace.

Projected lakes linked between them by cascades and imported, to the forests and woods that he had imagined, species of different plants from various corners of the world. "Criptomérias" from Japan, "foetus" from New Zeeland, “cedar” from Lebanon, “araucarias” from Brazil, North American “tuia” and also some Portuguese exemplars in a total of more than 2 thousand species.

Also spread through the Park are pavilions constructed in the most architectonic styles, founts, small nooks and belvederes.

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